Formed in 1902, Real Madrid is Spain’s most successful club and a founder member of La Liga in 1929, winning the first of its titles in the 1931-32 season. The subsequent arrival of the Second Spanish Republic briefly deprived Real of their royal title (with the crown taken off its badge) and they were known temporarily as Madrid Football Club before reverting back to the old name in 1941.
Real’s most successful period occurred in the 1950s under President Santiago Bernabeu’s guidance, when they were the dominant force in both Europe and Spain, winning the European Cup five times in a row between 1956 and 1960 as well as four League titles.
In the 1970s, Real again dominated by winning five League championships and three Copa del Reys but by the early 1980s had lost their grasp on the La Liga crown. Nonetheless, a batch of home-grown stars led by Emilio Butragueno brought success back to the club by the mid-1980s with five successive titles as well as two UEFA Cups. Los Merengues won their first La Liga title for four years in 2012, ending Barcelona's Pep Guardiola-inspired dominance.
In the 2013-14 season Los Blancos completed a historic double winning a record tenth European Cup and lifting the Copa del Rey in the same season.
Real Madrid's members, socios, have owned and operated the football club since its inception and it is one of only three alongside Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao never to have been relegated from La Primera.