Atletico Madrid was founded in 1903 by Basque students living in Madrid, who wanted to replicate their hometown team back in Bilbao. In 1904 they were joined by rebel Real Madrid members and by 1911 were wearing the current strip of red and white stripes, allegedly made from cheap unused mattresses - hence the club’s nickname Los Colchoneros – Mattress-makers.
During the 1920s and 1930s, Atletico was managed by Englishman Fred Pentland, nicknamed ‘El Bombin’ due to his bowler hat, and he remains the club’s most successful Coach to date having won two La Liga titles and five Copa del Reys.
The period from 1947 to 1977 was the club’s golden era, with Atletico winning six La Ligas and five Copa del Reys in addition to the 1962 European Cup Winners’ Cup when they beat Fiorentina 3-0 after a replay. In 1966 they moved to the Vicente Calderon stadium, named after their former President, and in 1974 were European Cup runners-up, losing 4-0 to Bayern Munich after another replay.
Atletico spent two seasons in La Segunda at the turn of the millennium before winning promotion under Luis Aragones and have remained in the top flight ever since.
Under current Coach Diego Simeone, the Rojiblancos pulled off what is widely acknowledged as one of the great feats in the modern era of Spanish football in 2014, overcoming Barcelona and Real Madrid’s vastly superior resources to win the club’s first La Liga title in 18 years.